WATER, crucial for the future of humanity

UN general Assembly unanimously adopted  resolution declaring access to clean water and sanitation is human right.


The resolution “calls upon States and international organizations to provide financial resources, capacity-building and technology transfer, through international assistance and cooperation, in particular to developing countries, in order to scale up efforts to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.”  (A/64/L.63/Rev.1)

Some facts:

- 884 million people lack access to safe drinking water

- More than 2.6 billion people do not have access to basic sanitation

- About 1.5 million children under the age of five die each year

- 443 million school days are lost because of water- and sanitation-related diseases

- Over 50 percent of malnutrition cases globally are associated with diarrhoea or intestinal worm infections.

- Over half the world's hospital beds are occupied by people suffering from illnesses linked to contaminated water.

- Around 90 percent of diarrhoea cases, which kill some 2.2 million people every year, are caused by unsafe drinking water and poor hygiene.

- Almost 900 million people lack access to safe drinking water, and an estimated 2.6 billion people lack access to basic sanitation. South Asia (around 221 million) and sub-Saharan Africa (330 million) have the highest proportion of people living without basic sanitation.

- Industrial wastes, pesticides from agriculture, and tailings from mining also create serious health risks and threats to water resources, costing billions of dollars to monitor, much more to clean.

- Wastewater generates methane, a greenhouse gas 21 times more powerful than carbon dioxide (CO2). It also generates nitrous oxide, which is 310 times more powerful than CO2.

- It is estimated that in just a decade, wastewater-linked emissions of methane will rise by 25 percent and that of nitrous oxide by 50 percent.

- It takes three litres of water to produce one litre of bottled water and an half of liter of oil per one litr of water for transport, containers and publicity.

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