WATER - Alternative World Water Forum, March 2012

FAME brought together more than 4200 people from over 90 nations in various events around Marseille during the week of 9-17 March. Over 50 workshops took place under 12 different themes as well as several transversal sessions trying to gather the overarching issues discussed at FAME:
The Implementation of the Right to Water,
Women and Water,
The Financialization of Water and the road to RIO+20,
The Future of the Water Movement.
 
The latter two transversal sessions tried to focus on building the link between what was happening in FAME and the future, first with the next big step being RIO+20 and then the outlook for the future of our global water movement and how we should move forward together.
 
 
Many summaries and proposals have come out of FAME and will be compiled in an interactive E-Book which will be available to everyone and will include content from the workshops, reports that were launched at FAME etc.
 
For the time being, here is a summary of the Future of the Water Movement Session written by members of Food and Water Watch Europe and Focus on the Global South. It serves as a good base document to refer to in the coming months. It includes a list of actions (political calendar) proposed by different groups from now until RIO+20, while different regional networks prepare strategies for the summit in June. It includes specific and broad proposals on how to tackle challenges that were brought up in the session and throughout FAME as well as reaffirmations on which issues we should focus on and how to link the water movement with other important ongoing struggles and movements around the world.
 
The final declaration from FAME will also be circulated for signatures soon, while we await its translation into english and spanish. To read it, see below.
 

Site of FAME : http://www.fame2012.org/en/

Final civil society declaration :

Water is not a commodity; it is a common good

that belongs to Humanity and all life

All people, irrespective of where they live, are made of water, and depend on water to remain alive. In order to guarantee life, human dignity, the evolution of our civilisations and to maintain the precarious balance of ecosystems for generations to come, we wish to take collective responsibility for this unique, fragile, limited natural element that is the first symbol of life on earth.

Gathered together in Marseilles on the 9th and 10th of March 2012, in the framework of the Alternative World Water Forum, in the Citizen’s Days for “People, Planet and Water”, we shared our knowledge and experience, our concerns and our hopes, our proposals and our struggles to ensure that water, a vital non-commercial common good becomes a priority consideration for all.

 

All people have the right to water

Although the right to clean drinking water and sanitation for all was recognised as a human right by the United Nations General Assembly on 28th July 2010, this right is neither promoted nor implemented. In order to achieve universal implementation and the requisite harmonisation of national and international regulations, water can not remain the sole concern of political, technical and financial authorities: all men and women, irrespective of their level of responsibility, should be entitled to participate in decision-making, and contribute to the protection and fair access of all to water, as a common good of all life.

 

Since time immemorial people have developed traditions that enable access to clean drinking water for all; these varied practices have led to a wealth of diverse life-styles. Sadly, the current global crisis has resulted in increased pressure on eco-systems, due to an unsustainable development model that pollutes and that has broken the natural water cycles, and due to increased inequalities, forced urbanisation and extreme poverty.

 

Actors of the current development model, including the International Financial Institutions and transnational corporations over-exploit, over-consume and pollute water. This includes economic, industrial or agricultural productivist practice, mega hydroelectric projects, exploration and exploitation of all sorts of minerals and fossil resources, and land-grabbing.

 

At a time when we are commemorating the sad anniversary of the disaster of Fukushima, the nuclear industry has proven to be a major risk of radioactive pollution of water, particularly to marine eco-systems. It is still impossible to evaluate the long-term consequences of this. Unfortunately the International Institutions and certain States are attempting to impose uniform solutions that benefit a unique, imposed development model. There are insufficient political determination and commitmentto promote requisite public investments that could change the way in which the cards are distributed and achieve, or even exceed, the objectives that have been set in the past, as we approach the People’s Summit RIO+20.

 

There is a major global deficit in participatory, transparent and democratic water management. This deficit is exasperated by the lack of control and regulation of water use; which is the result of a lack of means or political will. All too many actors of public services that are supposed to be accessible to all hand over their prerogatives and essential responsibilities to the market. There is financial speculation on the common good, leading to unreasonable profiteering and sometimes even as far as corruption. This profit maximising, that is imposed by the capitalist model of the global free-market, is an obstacle to effective universal access to water for all, particularly for the poorest and in the most geographically isolated regions.

 

We need to invent new societal models that both protect water as a common good and respect the balance of nature. Such models should promote sustainable innovative solutions that draw on inherited traditional knowledge as well as modern techniques. The protection and regeneration of water and nature for future generations requires us to take the long-term general interest of humanity into account.

 

PRINCIPLES

We declare that:

  • Water is not a commodity. Many peoples recognise it as sacred. It is a common good of all life!
  • All people have a right to clean water and sanitation as a fundamental human right. All States shall be held responsible for the transparent implementation of this right in their territory, and in conjunction with cross-border territories.
  • Information and the effective participation of people and citizens in binding public consultations on water and sanitation should be compulsory and effective. They should be protected from financial and economic interests.
  • All people are entitled to have access to accessible, sustainable, just technologies that respect traditional, cultural knowledge grounded in good practice and protection of water.
  • Given their predominant role in providing and managing water supplies, women should be involved in all local, national and international decision-making on water resources.
  • The required balance between human activities, ecosystems and nature, with respect for water, should be guaranteed by good management practice.
  • There is a need to build fair and just energy transitions and social, economic and political transformation. We need to change our way of life and of living with nature.

Proposals and abstracts

  1. We commit to developing ways of monitoring and supervision by citizens, capacity-building and protection of committed civil society actors aimed at defending and promoting the right to water and sanitation in order to guarantee the effective implementation of the United Nations resolution on access to water and sanitation for all.
  2. We call for the introduction of independent, international legal mechanisms that guarantee the right to water and sanitation and that have the power to judge crimes committed against water rights.
  3. We demand the right to water and sanitation for all be universally enforceable in all courts of law or other relevant legal bodies.
  4. We demand the creation of a permanent framework to establish a global water policy. The World Water Council is not a legitimate body to do this. This framework should forbid any commodification and financialisation of water.
  5. We demand that States develop and implement action plans and mobilise sufficient public financial resources required to implement the right to water and sanitation, including through international solidarity.
  6. We call for the cost of lifeline water services to be covered by society in the framework of public, democratic management. Should price differentiation be introduced, it should be progressive in order to take the diversity of use into consideration, avoid social exclusion in terms of access to water and avoid wastefulness.
  7. We call for the implementation of appropriate preventive technologies, supported where possible by traditional knowledge and customs, that are context-appropriate, affordable and founded on natural treatment procedures, rather than expensive curative technical solutions.
  8. All water-related technology should be publicly and freely accessible in terms of intellectual property rights.
  9. We call upon all States to evaluate the last 20 years of international water management policy at the RIO+20 conference, in order to evaluate the long-term impacts of their economic management. The need for integrated democratic management should be emphasised.
  10. We call upon all people to support the proposals for the recognition of the rights of nature.
  11. We demand the introduction of integrated water management that aims to minimise the impact of human activity on ecosystems, whilst guaranteeing effective access to water for all.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Water and agriculture in the FAME

Access to water for farmers, pastoralists and fishermen is truly essential. Their access to water is increasingly restricted yet three quarters of Africans depend on agriculture. It is urgent to recognize the right of access to water for subsistence farming and to promote it.


"Water, agriculture and food security should be more prioritized by the water sector, the food sector and the political decidors. The stake is to combat hunger, undernourishment, water grabbing, inequitable sharing and counter-productive solutions. How do we want to nourish increasing population, richest diets, loss of land, mortiferous dominant agricultural models, negative social and environmental impacts ?

These questions will be dealed by Northern and Southern organizations: farmers’s associations, NGO’s, trade union organisations, political parties and searchers from 14 countries. They will explain the struggles and solutions which must be traduced in advocacy and concrete actions." (FAME 2012)


Workshops on the theme "Water and Agriculture" will be held on March 15 and 16 by FAME:


The right to water and food security, Internationalisation of local water battles: Empowerment of local actorsThursday

15 March from 10am to 12.30pm, Docks des Suds B

Agriculture policy, water use and the sharing of water: Productivity-oriented agriculture and the water crisis: The PAC policy and the free market policy with emerging countries

Thursday 15 March from 1pm to 3.30pm, Dock des Suds B

The right to water and food security, struggles and pleas

Friday 16 March from 10am to 12.30pm, Docks des Suds

Local and democratic management of water and food sovereignty

Friday 16 March from 1pm to 3.30pm, Dock des Suds

Agriculture policy, water use and the sharing of water: Conditions for use, water conservation, regional specialisations

Friday 16 March from 3.30pm to 6pm, Dock des Suds E

 

To read the complete presentation of the workshops “Water and Agriculture”: http://www.fame2012.org/files/water-agri.pdf

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